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心臟病
高血壓
腦中風
大腸癌
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心臟的功能
  靠著心臟的搏動,血液方能流遍全身,供給身體所需的營養並帶走體內的癈物。一旦心跳停止,四~六分鐘就可喪失寶貴生命。平均成人心跳每分鐘約七十二次,您的心臟每天博動在十萬次以上,而它卻不過只有拳頭大小,由此可見它的工作量是何等龐大。因此,您需好好的照顧您的心臟。

常見的心臟病
1.高血壓性心臟病:長期高血壓導致心臟血管之病變。
2.冠狀動脈心臟病:營養心臟的冠狀動脈發生病變,致使心肌血流不足而造成心冗缺氧或心肌壞死。
3.風濕性心臟病:感染風濕熱,病菌侵入心臟造成病變。
4.先天性心臟病:心臟先天畸型。其中第一種及第二種是成年人常見的心臟病,並容易引起心臟病突發而致猝死。
 
心臟病的成因
1.生活緊張,情緒激動、沒有適當的休閒的活動。
2.過度操勞、缺乏休息與睡眠。
3.過胖、攝取過多的油脂類食物。
4.吸煙飲酒過量。
5.高血壓、糖尿病長期不治療。
6.感染風濕熱、病菌侵入心臟。
7.遺傳或孕期之不良環境導致胎兒心臟畸型。
其中第一至第五點是成年心臟病之主因。
 
心臟病的症狀
1.心臟病一般的症狀是:頭昏、心悸、胸部不適、呼吸短促、心律不整、胸痛、四肢冰冷、皮膚(尤其是四肢末端)發紺。
    有了這些症狀不一定是心臟病,但是看一趟醫生是必需的。
2.心臟病突發的症狀是:劇烈的胸痛,有時疼痛可擴及天肩、左前臂、頸部、下巴等部位,並伴有心悸呼吸困難、頭昏、意識不清、冷汗、四肢冰冷、顏面蒼白等現象。胸痛可能持續數分鐘而也可能持續三小時以上。情況嚴重者可在短時間內休克、心肌缺氧而致死。
    有了胸痛需迅速就醫,否則極易在短時間內再度復發而喪命。
 
心臟病的預防
   1.定期接受健康檢查,尤其是四十歲以上的中老年人及過度肥胖的人。
   2.保持精神愉快、工作輕鬆,避免過勞及精神緊張。
   3.要有適度的運動及充份的睡眠與休息。
   4.節制食量,避免肥胖。
   5.少吃油脂及太鹹的食物。
   6.儘量避免煙酒。
   7.發現高血壓、糖尿病需早期治療。
   8.感染風濕熱或經常喉痛者需請醫師診治服藥以防風濕性心臟病。
   9.懷孕間注意孕期衛生,避免感染疾病,切忌亂服藥物。
 
 

You should know that not every heart attack symptom is going to be the left arm hurting. Be aware of intense pain in the jaw line. You may never have the first chest pain during the course of a heart attack. Nausea and intense sweating are also common symptoms. 60% of people who have a heart attack while they are asleep do not wake up. Pain in the jaw can wake you from a sound sleep. Let's be careful and be aware. The more we know, the better chance we could survive.

A cardiologist says if everyone who reads this message sends it to 10 people, you can be sure that we'll save at least one life. Read this & Send to a friend. It could save a life. So, please be a true friend and send this article to all your friends you care about

Heart Attack Warning Signs

Some heart attacks are sudden and intense -- the "movie heart attack," where no one doubts what's happening. But most heart attacks start slowly, with mild pain or discomfort. Often people affected aren't sure what's wrong and wait too long before getting help. Here are signs that can mean a heart attack is happening:

Chest discomfort. Most heart attacks involve discomfort in the center of the chest that lasts more than a few minutes, or that goes away and comes back. It can feel like uncomfortable pressure, squeezing, fullness or pain.   
Discomfort in other areas of the upper body. Symptoms can include pain or discomfort in one or both arms, the back, neck, jaw or stomach.   
Shortness of breath. This feeling often comes along with chest discomfort. But it can occur before the chest discomfort.   
Other signs: These may include breaking out in a cold sweat, nausea or lightheadedness.

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